Beginners gardening terms.
Here are some beginners gardening terms to help you along when you first start out in the garden, as it can be a little bit daunting when you first come across all of the technical terms and jargon. For the beginner who just wants to do a bit of planting and bring a little colour into their space, it can be a bit off-putting and seem a little complicated ( at least I think so anyway) So I thought I would strip everything back to basics and go through a few beginners gardening terms to get you started and will add more posts on gardening basics over the coming weeks. Seen as though I’m still learning myself writing this has actually benefited me too !! ……
Plants fall into categories such as;
Plants that last around 1 year or 1 growing season as some people refer to it. These types of plants germinate (develop into a plant), grow flowers then set seeds and die all within a year. Common annuals are bedding plants which are widely available in many shops and garden centres come spring time when they can be planted to provide your garden space with lots of lovely colour in the warmer summer months. It can be beneficial to buy those which have not flowered yet, as these will tend to give you a longer flowering period. A great time of year for planting summer annuals is around May time when all likelihood of frost has gone. Any earlier then that and it will probably be too cold for them to thrive. Bedding plants can also be added in the autumn time giving springtime flowers. As the flowers start to show signs of dying off a technique known as deadheading will help to keep more flowers coming throughout the season. Just pop off the dying flower heads and the plant will then produce more in its place keeping the flowers coming for longer. Some common annuals include, Begonia (see left), Calendula, Californian poppy, Marigold, Fuchsia and Geranium to name just a few.
These plants last around 2 growing seasons, germinating and growing their leaves in the 1st year. They go on to produce flowers then set seeds and die in their second year. Common garden plants are Foxglove (see right) and Evening primrose. Also vegetables such as carrots and Brussel sprouts are biennial but because they tend to be grown for food purpose the flower doesn’t always get to be seen as this would appear in the second year.
Perennials are plants which can live indefinitely if looked after and maintained well. When the colder months come and they have finished flowering its recommended to cut them down to around soil level where they will then return in the springtime all fresh and raring to go again. It is also a good idea to propagate your perennials at the end of the flowering season. Do this by dividing the plant up into smaller sections and replanting to spread the plant out. Perennials can look very nice when planted in small groups, giving off nice blocks of colour and filling up empty space in the garden. The beautiful lavender (see left) is an example of a perennial. Other common perennials include, Asters, Peonies and Sedum.
Sending lots of gardening love ….